Portrait de Nostradamus
Gravures Actualité



An astrological structure in the Centuries

by T. W. M. van Berkel

    There are a great many astrological references in the Centuries, such as zodiacal signs, planets and aspects. However, only a few researches of the Centuries are entirely or for a major part based on astrology.

   The subject of this article is an astrological structure, discovered while working on the NAB-project.1 The results of this discovery deal with prediction techniques. To some extent, they illustrate the composing process of the Centuries. They add new elements to ongoing discussions about for example transsaturnial planets, the astrological skills of Nostradamus or his suffering from physical or mental handicaps as supposed by some commentators.

The millennium model

   First, the framework is presented in which the Centuries are embedded. In the NAB-project, this framework is named: the millennium model.

   The Letter to Cesar and the Epistle to Henry II contain references to a framework about the existence of the world from its beginning until its end. In the Letter to Cesar, Nostradamus refers to a seventh and an eighth millennium.2 He also mentions the Sun, the Moon and Saturn as planets, which in some way guide humanity through the eras.3 In the Epistle to Henry II, he writes two times about a seventh millennium and he refers to Saturn as a leading planet.4 Nostradamus presents these millennia in the context of his own lifetime and the future. He never mentions a ninth millennium. The millennium model consists of eight millennia, eight periods of one thousand years.

   The beginning date of the first millennium is based on the total of 4173 years and 8 months, given in the Epistle to Henry II. This total is the time span of the Old Testament, counted from the creation of the world until the birth of Jesus Christ.5 In the NAB-project, this birth was dated on December 25, 1 BC. The date of the creation of the world is 4173 years and 8 months earlier, i.e. April 25, 4174 BC. This date is the beginning date of the first millennium. The eighth millennium ends on April 25, 3827.

   In the Letter to Cesar, Nostradamus writes that in his lifetime, the Moon guides humanity. The Sun succeeds the Moon. Saturn, whose leadership returns, succeeds the Sun. This means that the Moon rules the sixth millennium, the Sun the seventh and Saturn the eighth and another one. Nostradamus writes also about an anagorique revolution, a revolution which brings both life and death.6 This is an allusion to Revelations 19,20-21 (the death of the beast, the false prophet and their followers) and Revelations 20,4 (the resurrection of the martyrs). These events occur around the beginning of the biblical kingdom of 1.000 years.

   In the Epistle to Henry II, Nostradamus writes that Saturn will bring another reign and a “golden age”.7 This also is an allusion to the biblical kingdom of 1.000 years and to a second leadership of Saturn.

   The Sun, the Moon and Saturn are “millennium rulers”.

   According to Nostradamus, the millennium model covers the complete existing period of the world. He does not give an astrological analysis of world history. Whereas Roussat discusses in depth four astrological frameworks regarding the existence of the world from the beginning until the end, Nostradamus is rather “future oriented”.8 His main aim is to present his predictions.

   Nostradamus does not give a list of the rulers of the first, second, third, fourth and fifth millennium. He only writes that the leadership of Saturn returns, which implies that Saturn more than once is a millennium ruler.

   Nostradamus does not explain the influence of the planets in their act as millennium rulers, not even the influence of the Moon and the Sun. He only writes about the influence of Saturn, who brings a golden age, which is a reference to the biblical kingdom of 1.000 years. The anagorique revolution, mentioned in the Letter to Cesar, is also a description of an effect of Saturn.

   Considering these facts, the conclusion is that Nostradamus is not acting as a historian or as an astrologer who analyses history, but as a future-oriented astrologer, with emphasis on eschatology.9

The CD4-system, the progression system for the Centuries

   In the Letter to Cesar, Nostradamus makes an astrological allusion to a final date. On this date, a “last conflagration” will occur, while Mars is in the last part of its rotation.10 This “last conflagration” points to a conjunction of the Sun with a planet (the Moon excluded), in this case in Pisces, the last sign of the Zodiac. According to Nostradamus, Mars is also in Pisces (the last part of its rotation), behind this conjunction.

   The indicated date is February 27, 1554. On that date, there was a Sun / Saturn conjunction on 18:50:53 Pisces, while Mars was on 15:37:25 Pisces, behind this conjunction. There were no other planets between this Sun/Saturn conjunction and the first degree of Aries, so this Sun / Saturn conjunction was indeed the “last conflagration” in Pisces.11

   The “last conflagration” also points to Revelations 20,14-15 : the Last Judgment and the “second death”, the sentence executed over those whose names are not listed in the Book of Life. This second death is a death by fire. It is the last death of this kind. After this death, heaven and earth will vanish and there will be a new heaven and a new earth. According to the millennium model, this will happen on April 25, 3827.

   In the Letter to Cesar, a configuration on February 27, 1554 refers to the end of the world as described in Revelations. According to Nostradamus, this occurs on April 25, 3827. In astrology, the relation between February 27, 1554 and April 25, 3827, can only exist by means of a progression system, a system in which degrees of arc are converted in time by means of a time enlargement factor.

   In order to find a progression system, all quatrains with references to zodiacal longitudes and / or aspects of Saturn were examined, since Saturn has the longest rotation period of all classic planets: 29 years and 167 days. This resulted in a series of 19 quatrains. Of these quatrains, quatrain 08-49 referred to August 11, 1527. The zodiacal longitude of Saturn: 0.51.59 Taurus, retrograde. This is the earliest date concerning Saturn. The latest date was found in quatrain 05-91: June 6, 1551. The zodiacal longitude of Saturn: 21:43:24 Aquarius, retrograde.

   In the NAB-project, the thesis about astrological data in the Centuries is that they refer to a chronological series of data. The final date, on which the world will end, is February 27, 1554. The earliest date, found in the quatrains, is August 11, 1527. This implies a period of at least 26 years, since only a minority of quatrains contain astrological data.

   Due to retrogradation, it was impossible to derive progression systems, based on the rotations of Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter or Saturn. The rotation of the Sun and the Moon did not supply a solution either. It was only by means of linear extrapolation of the motion of the Caput Draconis that a progression system was derived. This system is named: the “CD4-system”, because one degree movement of the Caput Draconis equals four years in the fulfilment period (March 1, 1555 - April 25, 3827). Nostradamus calculates the advancing time with a factor, the Caput Draconis, which moves constantly backwards with a constant speed (0:03:10).

   The date March 1, 1555, coincides with October 16, 1524. This means that there is a period, running from October 16, 1524, until February 27, 1554, in which the astrological data occur, given in the Centuries.

Other prediction methods

   The application of progression systems dates from Ptolemy (100-178). Nostradamus applied several progression systems.

   In the case of the Prophecies, Nostradamus applied two prediction systems. In the Epistle to Henry II, the second set of predictions is based on what in the NAB-project is named: the CD100-system. In this system, one degree movement of the Caput Draconis equals one hundred years in the period 1606 - 3827.12

   The Almanachs of Nostradamus are the result of another way of practicing judiciary astrology. He based the predictions in the Almanachs on the zodiacal longitudes and aspects as they occur in the years he described in the Almanachs. He also applied quartercharts (charts, calculated for the ingress of the Sun in Aries, Cancer, Libra or Capricorn), and lunar phases. In judiciary astrology, the impact of astrological aspects is at its highest on the day the aspect is full. This impact is noticeable some time before this moment, and slowly decays after this moment. Nostradamus applied this principle, which can be seen in for example his booklet about a Lunar Eclipse on September 16, 1559.13 In one case, the assumption that an Almanach contains a prediction which will be fulfilled 30 years later, was proved to be wrong.14 In the Almanachs and similar publications, Nostradamus did not apply progression systems.

   In two discussions of natal charts, drawn by Nostradamus, the use of the Bonati-system seems to be present. In this system, one degree of arc equals one year.

   Leoni discusses an analysis by Pierre Gassendi of Nostradamus’ predictions regarding Antonius Suffredus, born on January 13, 1543 in Salon-de-Provence.15 Nostradamus predicted that Suffredus would suffer from dysenteria. He might have based this on the square of the Bonati-Sun in Aquarius with Saturn in Scorpio. The prediction that Suffredus would inherite from a stranger, might have been based on a conjunction of the Bonati-Sun in Aquarius with the Caput Draconis.

   The horoscope of Rudolph II is the second chart which implies the use of the Bonati-system. Nostradamus might have based the prediction of the death of the father of Rudolph II in 1589 on a square of the Bonati-Venus in Leo with the IC in Taurus. Venus rules Taurus, so Venus dominates the IC (fourth house), which refers to among others the parents.16

The composing process of the Centuries :
horary chart system, imagination period

   Nostradamus wrote to Cesar that he wrote his quatrains on the base of divine revelation, inspiration and judiciary astrology.17

   About divine revelation, Nostradamus wrote to Cesar and Henry II that he does not consider himself as a prophet.18 The Letter to Cesar shows that he belongs to those who God chose to receive knowledge about the future.19 In the Epistle to Henry II, he formulates this more clearly by referring to Joël 3,1 : I will pour out my spirit on all flesh, your sons and daughters will prophesy.20

   The contents of the revelations are phrased in the quatrains as the scenes in which occurs disasters, wars etc. These revelations also contain details about the places of fulfilment, which might point to remarks like castles, prisons, etc.21

   One can only guess about the nature of the “inspirations”. Perhaps Nostradamus refers to his use of mythological names or the names of historic persons.

   Judiciary astrology served two purposes. With judiciary astrology, Nostradamus determined the place of fulfilment of a quatrain and the date of fulfilment. He stated this most clearly in the Epistle: most of the quatrains are according to astronomical [astrological] calculations corresponding to the years, months and weeks of the regions, countries and most of the towns and cities of all Europe, including Africa and part of Asia.22 In the Letter to Cesar, there are also many references to these functions of judiciary astrology.

   In the Letter to Cesar, Nostradamus wrote a couple of times that his “prophetic activity” took place in the night. Most clearly, this can be read near the end of this Letter, when Nostradamus writes about “diverse nocturnal apparitions”.23

   In the NAB-project, the thesis regarding an astrological structure in the Centuries is based on these quotations. The thesis is that Nostradamus made a horoscope after a revelation in order to determine the time and place of fulfilment. This has been named: the “horary chart system”, analogue to horary astrology, by which the astrologer finds an answer to a question by drawing a chart for the moment the question is posed. Nostradamus had to answer the questions where and when the revelation would occur. He calculated fulfilment data by applying the CD4-system. He determined places of fulfilment by means of traditional topocentric astrology, as developed by Ptolemy.24 The horary charts are supposed to be calculated for the time of the revelation and the place where Nostradamus was at the time of the revelation.

   From the given quotations and calculations, it follows that Nostradamus got his revelations between October 16, 1524, and February 27, 1554. In the NAB-project, this period is named : the imagination period. It means that all astrological data, given in the quatrains, occur in this period. Since he got his revelations in the night, i.e. between sunset and sunrise, the Sun in the horary charts is beneath the Ascendant-Descendant axis, i.e. in the first, second, third, fourth, fifth or sixth house.

Features and limitations of the horary chart system

   Application of the horary chart system and the CD4-system gives two results regarding the quatrains. The horary chart system reveals the composing data of the quatrains. The CD4-system reveals the fulfilment data of the quatrains.

   At first sight, the horary chart system seems to be a system on which all quatrains are based. This is not the case. Nostradamus wrote in the Epistle that he used judiciary astrology for the majority of the quatrains.25 To some quatrains, the horary chart system cannot be applied. Among others, the quatrains 01-01 and 01-02, considered as the ones who deal with the prophetic activities of Nostradamus, belong to this group of quatrains, as well as the quatrains 01-48 and 10-74, which deal with the millennium model.26 These quatrains could have been composed on any day between October 16, 1524, and February 27, 1554.

   In the case of the quatrains, astrology does not refer to the nature of the predicted event. The nature of the predicted events is based on the contents of revelations. If the revelation points to an earthquake, the quatrain is about an earthquake. If the revelation points to famine, the quatrain is about famine. It does not matter what events are indicated by the horary chart, because in the case of the Centuries Nostradamus did not apply judiciary astrology in order to determine the nature of the events. In the case of the Almanachs, astrology served to determine the “what”, the “when” and the “where” of the predictions. In the case of the Centuries, astrology only served to determine the “when” and “where”.

   This finding shines new light on the “legis cautio”.27 In this warning against inept critics, all astrologers were told to keep themselves away. The results of the NAB-project show that traditional judiciary astrology is not suited to analyse the quatrains, since the “what” is not a matter of judiciary astrology, but a matter of divine revelation.

   In traditional judiciary astrology, as practiced by Nostradamus in the case of the Almanachs, predictions are based on exact aspects. The composing process of the quatrains is: (a) revelation, (b) inspiration and (c) judiciary astrology. The moment of a revelation does not necessarily coincide with an exact aspect. There might be a large orb (deviation of an aspect), up to for example 17 degrees of arc in the case of a conjunction. There might be no aspect at all present. In the NAB-project, it has been supposed that references to aspects are references to either exact aspects or aspects which are almost exact. However, this uncertainty is the reason why it is impossible to get precise data from the horary chart system.

   Another difficulty to handle while applying the horary chart system is the fact that it is necessary to calculate charts for the exact place where Nostradamus was at the time of a revelation. This is sheer impossible. Nostradamus had wandering periods from 1521-1529, 1532-1533, 1538-1544 and 1547-1550 / 51. Strictly spoken, even his place of residence cannot serve as a source for the geographical coordinates of the horary charts. In the NAB-project, complete horary charts have been calculated when (a) the time of the exact aspect was between sunset and sunrise and (b) his place of residence is known. If one or both of these are unknown, only the zodiacal longitudes of the planets and the Caput Draconis were calculated for midnight G.M.T. Such a chart is named a “night chart” and does not contain the twelve houses.

Astrological references in the quatrains

   There are about 40 quatrains which contain astrological references. For 19 quatrains, it was possible to trace the matching astrological configurations.

Quatrain Composing date Fulfilment date
08-49 11-08-1527 06-02-1773
09-55 15-07-1528 19-11-1844
09-73 18-08-1530 21-09-2006
08-48 26-12-1532 10-02-2189
04-86 12-07-1534 29-07-2308
06-04 03-01-1536 04-10-2422
03-96 13-02-1536 11-06-2431
05-14 20-05-1536 29-12-2451
06-24 11-08-1539 13-09-2701
01-52 31-01-1542 26-12-2892
04-33 04-11-1542 30-08-2951
01-51 08-02-1544 27-06-3049
01-16 18-09-1544 16-07-3096
04-84 29-07-1545 08-01-3163
08-02 05-08-1545 11-09-3164
04-67 08-02-1546 12-02-3204
02-48 08-10-1546 30-06-3252
10-67 09-05-1549 06-05-3455
05-91 06-06-1551 30-11-3615

   Quatrain 08-49
The first line: Saturn in Bull, Jupiter in water, Mars in the arrow. The composing date: August 11, 1527, with Saturn in Taurus, Jupiter in Cancer and Mars in Sagittarius. The fulfilment date, February 6, 1773, corresponds with the second line: sixth of February will bring mortality. According to the CD4-system, this prediction is expired. It was not fulfilled.

   Quatrain 09-55
The fourth line: fire Mercury, Mars, Jupiter in France. This is an allusion to a triple conjunction of Mercury, Mars and Jupiter in Leo, which sign rules France. On july 15, 1528, the composing date, these planets were also conjunct the Sun in Leo. According to the CD4-system, this prediction is expired. It was not fulfilled.

   Quatrain 09-73
The fourth line: Sun, Mars and Mercury near the Urn. This is a reference to a triple conjunction of Sun, Mars and Mercury close to the 8th degree of Virgo, the beginning of the constellation Crater.28

   Quatrain 08-48
The first line: Saturn in Cancer, Jupiter with Mars. In the imagination period, the exact Mars / Jupiter conjunction while Saturn was in Cancer, occurred only once : on December 26, 1532. The fulfilment date, February 10, 2189, corresponds with the second line: In February Chaldondon salvaterre.

   According to Leoni, the German commentator Christian Wöllner, who examined also the astrological references in the quatrains, but for the period 1555 - 3797, stated that such a configuration would not occur in this period. The most close Mars / Jupiter conjunction while Saturn is in Cancer, will occur around February 2769.29

   Quatrain 04-86
The first two lines : Sun conjunct Saturn in a water sign, i.e. one of the signs Cancer, Scorpio or Pisces. Several dates are possible. Chosen is July 12, 1534, when this conjunction occurred on the last degree of Cancer, opposite Jupiter retrograde in Capricorn.

   Quatrain 06-04
The fourth line : Saturn, Leo, Mars, Cancer in plunder. This is a reference to Sun in Capricorn opposite Mars retrograde in Cancer while the Moon in Taurus squared Saturn retrograde in Leo.

   Quatrain 03-96
The fourth line : Saturn retrograde on February 13. Such a retrograde position occurred on February 13, 1535, and February 13, 1536. The latter one has been chosen as the composing date, since Saturn was squaring the Moon in Scorpio.

   Quatrain 05-14
The first line : Saturn and Mars in Leo; Spain captive. This is a reference to a Mars/Saturn conjunction in Leo, which occurred on May 20, 1536. The MC of the horary chart is in Sagittarius, which sign rules Spain. Jupiter, the ruler of Sagittarius, squares the Caput Draconis.

   Quatrain 06-24
The first two lines : Mars and “the sceptre” will be conjunct, under Cancer calamitous war. The “sceptre” is an allusion to Jupiter. The first two lines refer to a Mars/Jupiter conjunction in Cancer. In the imagination period, this conjunction occurred only once: on August 11, 1539.

   Quatrain 01-52
The first line : the two wicked ones conjunct in Scorpio. The “two wicked ones” is an allusion to Mars and Saturn, the malefics among the seven classic planets. The first line refers to a Mars / Saturn conjunction in Scorpio.

   Quatrain 04-33
The full text :

Jupiter joined more to Venus than to the Moon
Appearing with white fullness :
Venus hidden under the whiteness of Neptune
Struck by Mars through the white stew.

   This quatrain contains various astrological indications, not only regarding the configuration which is involved, but also regarding the horary chart on which this quatrain is founded.

   In the first line, two conjunctions are given: a Venus / Jupiter conjunction and a Moon / Jupiter conjunction. The Venus / Jupiter conjunction is more full than the Moon / Jupiter conjunction.

   The second line indicates a location of Jupiter in the twelfth house of the horary chart, close to the Ascendant. It also means that the sun comes next to Jupiter.

   The third and fourth line indicate a disharmonic aspect of Venus and Mars.

   In the imagination period, a configuration which fits to all this, occurred on November 4, 1542. The zodiacal longitude of Jupiter was the 20th degree of Libra, conjunct Venus on the 22nd degree and the Moon on the 6th degree. Venus was in square aspect with Mars on the 26th degree of Capricorn. The Sun was on the 22nd degree of Scorpio, after Jupiter.

   This quatrain is sometimes interpreted as a prediction of the discovery of Neptune in 1846. The results of the NAB-project, as described here, do not support such an interpretation.

   Quatrain 01-51
In French, the first line reads : Chef d’Aries, Jupiter et Saturne. Translated, this means: the ruler of Aries, Jupiter and Saturn. Mars is the ruler of Aries. The first line refers to a triple conjunction of Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. This occurred on February 8, 1544, with Jupiter on the last degree of Scorpio, Saturn on the second degree of Sagittarius and Mars on the sixth degree of Sagittarius. France and Italy, mentioned in the fourth line, are indicated by the Moon in Leo squaring Jupiter in Scorpio.

   According to Brind’Amour, the first line refers to a Jupiter / Saturn conjunction in the first degrees of Aries in 1703 and Nostradamus copied an interpretation by Roussat, orienting himself to the cycle of Jupiter / Saturn conjunctions as described by Albumasar.30 Brind’Amour interprets the word chef as head, referring to Caput Arietis.

   This interpretation is subject to several objections. First, Roussat does not write chef d’Aries, but pres la teste d’Aries, which means : close to the head of Aries. This is not a reference to the beginning degrees of the zodiacal sign of Aries, but a reference to a bundle of Fixed Stars, part of the constellation Aries which is called “Caput Arietis”, the “head”. In the lifetime of Nostradamus and Roussat, this part was located on the last degrees of the zodiacal sign of Aries. One must also keep in mind that Roussat did not write “in the head of Aries”, but “close to the head of Aries”, which means : before the last degrees of the zodiacal sign of Aries.

   The conjunction did not occur in 1703 as Brind’Amour supposed, but on May 15, 1702, the year mentioned by Roussat (and quoted by Brind’Amour), on the 6th degree of Aries.

   Quatrain 01-16
The first line : the “scythe” joined with the “pond” in the direction of Sagittarius. The “scythe” is an allusion to Saturn, the “pond” is an allusion to Jupiter. The first line refers to a Jupiter / Saturn conjunction close to Sagittarius, i.e. in the last degrees of Scorpio. In the imagination period, this occurred on September 18, 1544, on the 29th degree of Scorpio. The fulfilment date, July 30, 3096, corresponds with the fourth line which reads that the century approaches its renewal. 3096 is close to the transition of the 31st century into the 32nd.

   According to Brind’Amour, the first line refers to a Jupiter / Saturn conjunction in Sagittarius in 1641 and Nostradamus copied an interpretation by Roussat, again orienting himself to the cycle of Jupiter / Saturn conjunctions as described by Albumasar.31

   Quatrain 04-84
The fourth line refers to a conjunction of Mars, the Sun and Venus in the summer. In the imagination period, such a conjunction occurred only once : July 29, 1545, with Venus on the 14th degree of Leo, the Sun on the 15th degree and Mars on the 18th degree.

   Quatrain 08-02
The third line : Sun and Mars conjoined in Leo. Such a conjunction occurred on August 5, 1545, on the 23rd degree of Leo.

   Quatrain 04-67
The first line : Saturn and Mars equally “combust”. This refers to a configuration, in which Mars, Saturn and the Caput Draconis are in one and the same sign. In the imagination period, this occurred only once : on February 8, 1546. Mars, Saturn and the Caput Draconis were all located on the 24th degree of Sagittarius.

   Quatrain 02-48
The second line : Saturn in Sagittarius, Mars turning from the fish. This is interpreted as a change of direction movement of Mars in Pisces. This occurred on October 8, 1546, when Mars started to move direct instead of retrograde.

   Quatrain 10-67
In this quatrain, a very detailed configuration is given: Saturn, Capricorn, Jupiter, Mercury in Bull, Venus also, Cancer, Mars. This all occurred on May 9, 1549: Saturn in Capricorn, Jupiter, Mercury and Venus in Taurus and Mars in Cancer. The fulfilment date, May 6, 3455, corresponds with the first line, which read that there will be a very mighty trembling in the month of May.

   Brind’Amour interpreted this quatrain as a description of an earthquake which occurred in the region of Montelimar on May 4, 1549, followed by a serious hail shower some days later.32

   Quatrain 05-91
The fourth line: Mars, Leo, Saturn in Aquarius. This line refers to an opposition of Mars in Leo with Saturn in Aquarius, which occurred on June 6, 1551.

Ongoing discussions

   The findings about the application of astrology in the Centuries add new material to a number of topics, which from time to time are subject to discussion.

   The findings about the application of astrology indicate that astrology is the chronological clue for most quatrains (although only a few contain astrological references). The order of the quatrains has been made at random, shattered.

   In the case of the second set of predictions to Henry II, Nostradamus used another prediction system: the CD100-system, and another reference period: December 31, 1605 - February 24, 1607.33 It is possible that he got more than 900 visions in for example 1554, and next made calculations, using ephemeredes from the period 1524 - 1554. But such a method does not make sense, astrologically. The findings about the application of astrology indicate that the imagination period was between October 1524 and February 1554. Nostradamus started to elaborate his revelations after the birth of Cesar, i.e. after October 11, 1553.34 While working on the NAB-project, no answer has been found to the question why Nostradamus decided to publish his Centuries in parts. But there are strong indications that all centuries were composed by October 1553.

   The findings of the NAB-project lead to the conclusion that Nostradamus knew nothing about the existence of transsaturnal planets. He used the seven classic planets (Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn), the Caput Draconis and the Fixed Stars. One should keep in mind that a configuration has been discovered which fits to the astrological references in quatrain 04-33, which configuration has nothing to do with the discovery of Neptune.

   The findings show that Nostradamus uses several astrological techniques for various purposes (Centuries, Almanachs, natal charts). One can not escape the fact that the quality of his astrological calculations are sometimes dubious, but considering the fact that a number of configurations in the quatrains are quite unique, I tend to the hypothesis that his skills have decreased after around 1554. The construction of the millennium model shows a precise, pinpoint date structure.

   The findings did not confirm theories about physical or mental handicaps of Nostradamus.

T. W. M. van Berkel
De Meern, June 1, 2003


      - Brind’Amour, P. : L’astrologie chez Nostradamus, (1993).

      - Brind’Amour, P. : Les premières centuries ou prophéties, Genève, 1996.

      - Chevignard, B. : Présages de Nostradamus, Saint-Amand, 1999.

      - Leoni, E. : Nostradamus and his Prophecies, New York, 1982 (1961).

      - Nostradamus, M. : Les prophéties, Lyon, 1568, Lyon, 2000.

      - Roussat, R. : Livre de l’estat et mutation des temps, Paris, 1981 (1550).


1 NAB : Nostradamus, astrology and the Bible. Retour

2 Nostradamus, p.35. Retour

3 Nostradamus, p.34. Retour

4 Nostradamus, p.155, 169 and 172. Retour

5 Nostradamus, p.166 - 167. In this essay, all data are according to the Julian calendar, used in Nostradamus’ lifetime. Retour

6 Nostradamus, p.34. Retour

7 Nostradamus, p.172. Retour

8 Cf. Roussat, chapters 1 - 4. For a discussion of the differences between Nostradamus and Roussat, see Site Nostradamus, astrology and the Bible, section Research results : Nostradamus and his contemporaries. Retour

9 Cf. “L’image oubliée d’un Michel de Nostredame, premier exégčte des Centuries” by J. Halbronn, Site The simultaneous publication in the Epistle of two timetables regarding the Old Testament also does not support the idea of Nostradamus acting like a historian. Retour

10 “...& avant la derničre conflagration. Car encores que la planette de Mars paracheve son siecle & ŕ la fin de son dernier periode, si le reprendra il...” (Nostradamus, p.34). Retour

11 In traditional astrology, the conjunction of the Sun with a planet (the Moon excluded) within an orb of 3 - 8 degrees, is named “combust”. When the orb is within 17 minutes of arc, this conjunction is named “cazimi” (Brau et al., p.38 and 72). According to Nostradamus, “combust” means that a planet and the Caput Draconis (North Lunar Node) are in the same zodiacal sign, and not necessarily conjunct. See Site Nostradamus, astrology and the Bible, section Research results : Nostradamus and his contemporaries. Retour

12 See my essay “A time schedule of the Prophecies”, Site Retour

13 Chevignard, p.448. Retour

14 See my essay “A supposed correspondence between a Présage and a Quatrain”, Site Retour

15 Leoni, p.103 - 104. The findings regarding the Bonati-system of progressions in the case of Suffredus are based on recalculation of his birth-chart with present-day software, since Gassendi only mentions the zodiacal longitudes of Sun and Moon. Retour

16 Cf. E. Gruber, Site Retour

17 ...le jugement par l’Astrologie judicielle par laquelle, & moyennant inspiration & revelation divine par continuelles supputations, avons nos propheties redigé par escrit... (Nostradamus, p.31). Retour

18 Nostradamus, p.30 and 158. Retour

19 Nostradamus, p.29. Retour

20 ...Effundam spiritum meum super omnem carnem & prophetabunt filii vestri et filiae vestrae... (Nostradamus, p.158) Retour

21 ...limitant la particularité des lieux par divine inspiration supernaturelle, accordant aux celestes figures, les lieux... (Nostradamus, p.32) Retour

22 Nostradamus, p.154. Retour

23 ...par diverses nocturnes apparitions... (Nostradamus, p.35) Retour

24 Leoni (Leoni, p.108) had a similar theory about the appliance of judiciary astrology. He thought, however, that Nostradamus, for example after having seen an event, which seemed to indicate a disaster for an Italian seaport, might have cast horoscopes for Venice, Genoa et al. If one of these horoscopes reflected an impending calamity, the question was resolved. Leoni overlooked the remarks of Nostradamus about the function of astrology regarding determination of countries and cities. He also overlooked the remarks about the contents of the revelations. A general objection is that Leoni’s theory does not match with traditional judiciary astrology. Retour

25 plus part compose et accordé ŕ la calculation Astronomique... (Nostradamus, p.154) Retour

26 See my study “A time schedule of the Prophecies”, Site Retour

27 Nostradamus, p.141. Retour

28 See my study “A supposed correspondence between a Présage and a Quatrain”, Site Retour

29 Leoni, p.705. Retour

30 Brind’Amour 1996, p.122 - 123; Roussat, p.132. Retour

31 Brind’Amour 1996, p.70 - 71; Roussat, p.131 - 132. Retour

32 Brind’Amour 1993. Retour

33 See my study “A time schedule of the Prophecies”, Site Retour

34 Nostradamus, p.27. Retour


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